About Civil Engineering


What is Civil Engineering

  • One of the elderly and wide engineering disciplines
  • Civil Engineering involves:-
    • designing,
    • analyzing,
    • planning,
    • constructing,
    • maintaining and
    • supervising infrastructures
  • which include facilities primary to modern life like:-
    • highways,
    • bridges and
    • tunnels, s
    • schools,
    • hospitals,
    • airports, and
    • other buildings,
    • sewage systems and
    • water treatment facilities.
  • afterward, the program also involves protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructure.

According to a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc, the Civil Engineering Market size is expected to grow up to USD 12 trillion by 2025.


Various colleges in India offer Civil engineering at the UG and PG level, thus leading to BTech and MTech degrees respectively.

Civil Engineers generally have a lot of specializations to choose from like:

Construction Engineering

Coastal and Ocean Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering

Fire protection engineering

Structural Engineering

General Engineering

Bridge Engineering

Irrigation Engineering

Land development

Materials Engineering

Transportation engineering

Urban Engineering

Hydraulic Engineering

Water Resources Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Required Skillset for Civil Engineering

Technical skills, Project Management, Critical Thinking, Communication Skills, and Creativity are the fundamental skill sets to become a successful Civil Engineer. However, if you want to set yourself above in the crowd, here are some desirable qualities you must possess:

Leadership Skills

Negotiating Skills

Attention to Detail

Good Time Management

Problem Solving Skills

Ability to Visualise

Team Player

Passion for Learning

Civil Engineering: Eligibility Criteria

If a student is planning to have a career in Civil Engineering then he/she should have to pursue an undergraduate engineering program (BTech) after completion of which students can opt for a job or for a postgraduation program in the same stream. Some colleges also offer a Diploma in Civil Engineering.

Diploma in Civil Engineering

There are many institutes that offer a two-year diploma course in civil engineering.


The aspirants must have passed class X or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 45% marks each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. The students must have also studied English as one of the compulsory subjects.
B.Tech Civil Engineering

It is a four-year full-time undergraduate program divided into 8 semesters.


Aspirants must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
The admission process of the BTech program is done through the entrance exams such as – JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHCET, KCET, and other exams.
MTech in Civil Engineering

It is a two-year full-time post-graduation program.


The students must have passed a BTech degree with a minimum passing percentage in the aggregation of all subjects studied in the undergraduate program.
The admissions are done through the entrance exam such as – GATE score merit list.
The course curriculum for Civil Engineering
In India, the Civil Engineering course curriculum might differ across colleges, institutes, and Universities. However, the fundamentals of the program remain the same.

According to AICTE, “A range of credits from 150 to 160 would be required for a student to be eligible to get Under Graduate degree in Engineering. A student will be eligible to get Under Graduate degree with Honours or additional Minor Engineering if he/she completes an additional 20 credits. These could be acquired through MOOCs”.

Here’s an overview of the topics you would likely study in a Civil Engineering program across eight semesters. Please note that the syllabus and structure may vary from college to college.

Semester 1

Semester 2

Mathematics I

Mathematics II



English for Communication

Programming and Data Structure

Basic Electronics

Basic Electronics


Engineering Drawing and Graphics

Engineering Drawing and Graphics

Electrical Technology

Electrical Technology

Introduction to Manufacturing Processes

Introduction to Manufacturing Processes

Semester 3

Semester 4

Water and Waste Water Engineering

Transportation Engineering


Structural Analysis

Solid Mechanics

Water Resources Engineering

Breadth I

Surveying I

Mathematics III (Module 1)

Surveying II

Semester 5

Semester 6

Design of RC Structures

Design of Steel Structures

Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering

Elective II

Elective I

Elective III

Breadth (IT)

Elective IV

Breadth II

Elective V

Project I

Semester 7

Semester 8

Elective VI

Breadth III

IT & CAD Applications



Project III

Project II

Comprehensive Viva Voce

Industrial Training/Seminar

Top Entrance Exams for Civil Engineering
Most of the colleges offering Civil Engineering courses admit students on the basis of national or state level engineering exams. There are many colleges who also conduct their own entrances for admission to BTech programs.

Some of the popular engineering entrance examinations aspirants should consider appearing for admissions to UG and PG level Civil engineering courses are:

JEE Main

JEE Advanced





Civil Engineering: Types of Job Profiles and Recruiters
Civil engineers get recruited by Construction Firms, Defence Forces Development Boards Municipal Bodies, etc. They work in public and private sectors in all branches of design, construction, maintenance of roads, highways, bridges, dams, canals, docks, airports, housing complexes and in environmental management, etc. Civil engineers also work in quality testing laboratories, Military and defense services and as consultants.

Take a look at some of the job profiles that civil engineers land into after graduation.

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary

Structural Engineers

They design, plan and supervise the construction of infrastructural projects like buildings, bridges, and so on. They also take care of alteration and extension to existing properties or structures.

The national average salary in India for Structural Engineers is around INR 4-5 Lakhs for freshers

Geotechnical Engineers

The primary responsibility of Geotechnical engineers is to create projects and find solutions to the problems that are related to geology.

The average salary for Geotechnical Engineers is around INR 3-4 Lakhs for freshers

Site Engineers

The take responsibility for security, safety, health, organizing, supervising material and people working at the site. They are part of the site management team.

The average salary for site Engineers is around INR 2.5-3 Lakhs for freshers

Construction Engineers

The main task includes – to plan, direct, and supervise large construction projects. They act as leader and middleman on construction projects and ensure everything about the project is safe, smooth and structurally sound.

The average salary for Construction Engineers is around INR 3.5-4 Lakhs for freshers


A civil engineering lecturer/ professor imparts knowledge of the subject that would include teaching students about the nuances of civil engineering.

The average salary for Lecturers or Professors in Civil Engineering stream is around INR 3.5-4 Lakhs

Some of the companies that hire civil engineering graduates are:


Maytas Infra Ltd

TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd

Land Transport Authority etc


Jacobs Engineering

Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd

Shapoorji Pallonji

Jacobs Engineering

Jones Lang LaSalle

Popular Civil Engineering Colleges in India
Following are the most popular Civil Engineering Colleges in India. Learn more about these Civil Engineering colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.

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Author: Engineers4civil

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